Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 514,530
2 United States 402,877
3 India 166,043
4 United Kingdom 137,996
5 Germany 116,935
6 Japan 106,114
7 Russia 102,732
8 South Korea 88,136
9 Malaysia 87,069
10 Thailand 76,824
11 Italy 74,207
12 France 72,060
13 Brazil 66,747
14 Australia 65,218
15 Indonesia 60,061
16 Taiwan 58,969
17 Canada 56,620
18 Turkey 56,236
19 Spain 52,199
20 Iran 50,807

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach