Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 398,832
2 United States 340,485
3 India 135,006
4 United Kingdom 110,815
5 Germany 95,220
6 Japan 89,172
7 Russia 84,077
8 South Korea 67,550
9 Malaysia 66,422
10 Thailand 66,267
11 Italy 60,735
12 Brazil 57,987
13 France 57,879
14 Australia 53,370
15 Canada 48,803
16 Iran 47,077
17 Taiwan 46,332
18 Indonesia 43,043
19 Spain 42,235
20 Turkey 41,862

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach