Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 129,769
2 China 48,891
3 United Kingdom 36,028
4 India 22,713
5 Germany 17,150
6 South Korea 15,323
7 Japan 13,840
8 Canada 12,709
9 Australia 10,714
10 Taiwan 10,199
11 Italy 8,969
12 Netherlands 6,800
13 Switzerland 6,560
14 France 6,078
15 Russia 6,027
16 Spain 5,791
17 Turkey 5,694
18 Iran 5,641
19 Thailand 4,851
20 Brazil 4,491

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach