Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 142,382
2 China 38,289
3 United Kingdom 31,989
4 Germany 19,778
5 Japan 17,612
6 Canada 16,881
7 Australia 15,740
8 Netherlands 10,942
9 South Korea 10,938
10 Russia 9,739
11 Italy 8,975
12 India 7,436
13 Brazil 7,209
14 France 6,881
15 Spain 6,701
16 Switzerland 6,570
17 Taiwan 5,020
18 Mexico 4,781
19 Turkey 4,402
20 Ireland 3,562

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach