Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 845,282
2 United Kingdom 540,301
3 Australia 207,046
4 China 185,292
5 Canada 165,389
6 Netherlands 162,976
7 Germany 64,293
8 New Zealand 48,474
9 Turkey 48,178
10 Italy 47,389
11 Spain 40,429
12 Israel 40,214
13 France 38,954
14 Switzerland 38,760
15 South Korea 35,943
16 Sweden 35,140
17 Japan 33,427
18 Belgium 32,707
19 Ireland 29,738
20 Norway 26,937

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach