Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 30,151
2 Australia 11,625
3 United Kingdom 10,132
4 China 8,996
5 Canada 6,280
6 Brazil 4,178
7 France 3,794
8 Russia 3,427
9 Spain 2,312
10 Japan 2,230
11 Germany 1,867
12 Mexico 1,845
13 Italy 1,766
14 Thailand 1,712
15 South Africa 1,686
16 Netherlands 1,510
17 Norway 1,325
18 New Zealand 1,268
19 Argentina 1,246
20 Colombia 1,162

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach