Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 28,597
2 United States 14,653
3 India 11,215
4 Turkey 5,441
5 Japan 4,429
6 South Korea 3,791
7 Russia 3,304
8 United Kingdom 2,944
9 Germany 2,482
10 Morocco 2,389
11 Taiwan 1,995
12 Algeria 1,938
13 France 1,780
14 Brazil 1,694
15 Pakistan 1,595
16 Mexico 1,584
17 Malaysia 1,544
18 Australia 1,461
19 South Africa 1,354
20 Iran 1,218

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach