Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 31,085
2 United States 24,429
3 Germany 18,995
4 Japan 17,011
5 United Kingdom 9,473
6 India 8,719
7 France 8,075
8 Russia 6,874
9 South Korea 6,172
10 Italy 4,851
11 Spain 3,466
12 Switzerland 2,760
13 Czech Republic 2,155
14 Netherlands 2,043
15 Pakistan 1,938
16 Canada 1,509
17 Taiwan 1,494
18 Poland 1,446
19 Sweden 1,382
20 Australia 1,335

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach