Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 76,533
2 United States 54,292
3 Germany 35,656
4 Japan 32,966
5 United Kingdom 23,347
6 India 14,651
7 France 14,419
8 South Korea 13,539
9 Russia 11,699
10 Italy 9,410
11 Spain 6,404
12 Netherlands 5,883
13 Switzerland 5,548
14 Poland 4,272
15 Czech Republic 3,642
16 Pakistan 3,498
17 Canada 3,125
18 Austria 3,004
19 Belgium 2,923
20 Australia 2,906

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach