Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 23,867
2 China 12,764
3 Japan 8,432
4 South Korea 6,112
5 United Kingdom 5,031
6 Germany 3,774
7 Italy 3,717
8 India 3,301
9 Australia 3,165
10 Taiwan 2,939
11 Netherlands 2,805
12 Canada 2,436
13 Turkey 2,189
14 Switzerland 2,148
15 Thailand 2,053
16 Russia 1,832
17 Spain 1,812
18 France 1,757
19 Brazil 1,588
20 Sweden 1,507

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach