Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 36,960
2 India 22,900
3 United States 21,694
4 United Kingdom 19,265
5 Malaysia 9,161
6 Ethiopia 8,326
7 Indonesia 8,304
8 Germany 7,784
9 Australia 6,930
10 Turkey 5,077
11 Netherlands 4,648
12 Canada 4,356
13 Thailand 4,161
14 Japan 4,120
15 Iran 3,867
16 Italy 3,595
17 South Africa 3,549
18 South Korea 3,374
19 Philippines 3,371
20 Taiwan 3,188

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.