Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 27,919
2 India 16,366
3 United States 16,143
4 United Kingdom 13,086
5 Malaysia 7,240
6 Ethiopia 6,895
7 Germany 6,121
8 Indonesia 5,800
9 Australia 5,182
10 Turkey 3,767
11 Netherlands 3,653
12 Iran 3,528
13 Thailand 3,312
14 Japan 3,301
15 Canada 3,214
16 South Africa 2,701
17 Russia 2,635
18 Philippines 2,515
19 Italy 2,438
20 Taiwan 2,379

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.