Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 20,574
2 India 12,193
3 United States 11,553
4 United Kingdom 8,131
5 Ethiopia 5,364
6 Malaysia 5,168
7 Germany 4,444
8 Indonesia 4,116
9 Australia 3,423
10 Iran 3,334
11 Netherlands 2,662
12 Turkey 2,342
13 Canada 2,279
14 Japan 2,264
15 Thailand 2,236
16 South Africa 2,011
17 Philippines 1,881
18 Russia 1,845
19 Taiwan 1,737
20 Italy 1,566

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.