Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 India 269,053
2 China 131,748
3 United States 88,447
4 Turkey 51,668
5 United Kingdom 44,252
6 Malaysia 37,215
7 Germany 29,398
8 South Korea 27,364
9 Taiwan 20,301
10 Russia 20,018
11 Australia 18,707
12 Thailand 17,607
13 Pakistan 17,412
14 Iran 17,083
15 Canada 16,764
16 Indonesia 15,542
17 Japan 14,985
18 Brazil 14,334
19 Italy 11,182
20 France 10,175

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach