Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 196,412
2 China 100,584
3 United Kingdom 59,444
4 India 56,712
5 Germany 56,459
6 Japan 38,910
7 South Korea 38,795
8 Canada 28,320
9 Australia 27,796
10 Russia 27,684
11 Italy 24,433
12 France 20,356
13 Brazil 19,957
14 Taiwan 19,615
15 Thailand 19,540
16 Switzerland 18,936
17 Spain 17,427
18 Malaysia 16,745
19 Netherlands 16,278
20 Iran 15,527

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach