Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 21,454
2 China 6,656
3 United Kingdom 4,013
4 Japan 3,714
5 Australia 2,394
6 India 1,728
7 Canada 1,652
8 Germany 1,408
9 Italy 1,334
10 Turkey 1,217
11 France 1,212
12 Russia 1,108
13 Switzerland 1,071
14 Taiwan 1,038
15 Netherlands 1,030
16 South Korea 1,023
17 Spain 1,015
18 Brazil 952
19 Mexico 946
20 Indonesia 892

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach