Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 16,133
2 China 4,760
3 United Kingdom 2,452
4 Japan 2,108
5 Australia 1,768
6 Canada 1,272
7 India 1,269
8 Germany 1,131
9 Italy 1,124
10 France 859
11 Netherlands 774
12 Taiwan 739
13 Turkey 737
14 Switzerland 733
15 Brazil 721
16 Russia 717
17 Mexico 711
18 Colombia 707
19 Spain 677
20 Indonesia 668

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach