Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 117,867
2 China 70,314
3 United Kingdom 68,913
4 Australia 28,869
5 Germany 28,439
6 Netherlands 26,909
7 Canada 15,640
8 Indonesia 13,321
9 Italy 13,199
10 Turkey 12,243
11 Switzerland 11,245
12 France 10,910
13 Japan 10,460
14 Malaysia 9,790
15 India 8,758
16 Spain 7,877
17 Sweden 7,385
18 Austria 7,338
19 South Korea 6,877
20 Israel 5,904

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.