Publication Options

8800 6600 4400 2200 96 8,748 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 96 8,748 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
  • 46
  • 1712
  • 49
  • 3557
  • 31
  • 2480
  • 40
  • 5229
  • 96
  • 8748

About Publication Options

Discover how many authors have chosen to publish open access in this journal.

Metrics

Year TOTAL PUBLISHED Subscription Open access articles
2021 8844 8748 96
2020 5269 5229 40
2019 2511 2480 31
2018 3606 3557 49
2017 1758 1712 46

Definition

Publishing open access

If an author has chosen to publish open access, their article will be made immediately and freely available upon publication on ScienceDirect, in perpetuity, with the author’s chosen user license. Publication is typically funded by an upfront payment made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as an Article Publishing Charge (APC). In some journals publication is subsidised by a third party and therefore no upfront payment is required.

Publishing under the subscription model

If an author has chosen to publish under the subscription model, their article will be made available on ScienceDirect and will be accessible to the subscribing institutions and individuals, which fund the publication of the article.

Elsevier also makes research published under the subscription model completely free to access in specific situations, including during health emergencies, to patients and caregivers, and to institutions in low- and middle-income countries.

We never charge for the same article twice: When calculating subscription prices, we do not take into account growth in open access articles. For more information, please see here.

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