Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 81,282
2 United Kingdom 49,326
3 Australia 36,634
4 Germany 29,132
5 China 18,167
6 Canada 17,897
7 Netherlands 17,348
8 Sweden 11,031
9 Switzerland 8,198
10 Spain 6,995
11 Malaysia 6,177
12 Indonesia 5,962
13 Norway 5,095
14 India 5,001
15 New Zealand 4,649
16 Ireland 4,572
17 Thailand 4,254
18 Turkey 3,971
19 South Korea 3,873
20 Taiwan 3,724

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach