Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 98,100
2 United Kingdom 61,649
3 Australia 44,678
4 Germany 37,553
5 China 24,973
6 Netherlands 22,653
7 Canada 20,898
8 Sweden 13,029
9 Switzerland 11,035
10 Spain 8,712
11 Indonesia 7,583
12 Malaysia 7,309
13 Norway 6,757
14 New Zealand 5,669
15 Ireland 5,662
16 India 5,415
17 Turkey 5,390
18 South Korea 5,285
19 Hong Kong 4,962
20 Russia 4,908

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach