Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 54,405
2 China 15,259
3 Japan 9,341
4 United Kingdom 6,455
5 Australia 5,350
6 South Korea 5,281
7 Canada 4,968
8 India 4,617
9 Taiwan 4,386
10 Germany 3,546
11 Italy 3,236
12 Russia 3,131
13 Netherlands 3,014
14 Thailand 2,818
15 Spain 2,798
16 Turkey 2,409
17 France 2,311
18 Brazil 2,283
19 Switzerland 2,276
20 Colombia 2,041

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach