Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 74,035
2 China 22,031
3 Japan 14,516
4 United Kingdom 9,982
5 South Korea 8,410
6 India 7,512
7 Australia 7,510
8 Canada 6,566
9 Taiwan 6,020
10 Germany 5,061
11 Russia 4,768
12 Italy 4,625
13 Netherlands 4,547
14 Turkey 4,088
15 Thailand 3,764
16 Spain 3,763
17 France 3,611
18 Brazil 3,260
19 Switzerland 3,066
20 Colombia 2,711

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach