Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 88,177
2 China 61,102
3 India 50,655
4 Japan 20,200
5 Thailand 20,147
6 Russia 19,984
7 Brazil 18,126
8 South Korea 18,093
9 United Kingdom 17,905
10 Turkey 15,522
11 Malaysia 13,901
12 Taiwan 12,646
13 Iran 12,305
14 Germany 12,251
15 Canada 10,613
16 France 9,272
17 Italy 9,194
18 Australia 9,159
19 Pakistan 8,271
20 Egypt 7,831

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach