Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 31,441
2 China 11,535
3 United Kingdom 9,494
4 Japan 7,104
5 Australia 4,393
6 Germany 3,438
7 South Korea 3,082
8 Hong Kong 3,068
9 Taiwan 3,059
10 Canada 3,012
11 France 2,245
12 Poland 2,159
13 Spain 2,125
14 India 2,003
15 Netherlands 1,767
16 Thailand 1,668
17 Malaysia 1,618
18 Turkey 1,611
19 Egypt 1,376
20 Italy 1,301

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach