Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 23,052
2 China 7,289
3 United Kingdom 5,871
4 Japan 3,321
5 Australia 2,803
6 Germany 2,628
7 Taiwan 2,506
8 Canada 2,164
9 India 1,929
10 Hong Kong 1,841
11 South Korea 1,792
12 Spain 1,440
13 France 1,422
14 New Zealand 1,254
15 Malaysia 1,182
16 Thailand 1,160
17 Colombia 1,140
18 Egypt 1,092
19 Turkey 834
20 Italy 790

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach