Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 29,976
2 China 10,907
3 United Kingdom 8,322
4 Japan 5,464
5 Australia 4,010
6 Germany 3,217
7 Taiwan 3,081
8 Canada 3,044
9 Hong Kong 2,692
10 South Korea 2,681
11 France 2,449
12 Spain 2,075
13 India 2,038
14 Poland 2,015
15 Netherlands 1,601
16 Thailand 1,582
17 Malaysia 1,507
18 New Zealand 1,478
19 Colombia 1,374
20 Egypt 1,325

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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