Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 53,358
2 United States 32,971
3 United Kingdom 25,898
4 India 25,307
5 Australia 10,887
6 Germany 9,075
7 Malaysia 7,499
8 South Korea 7,334
9 Turkey 6,934
10 Netherlands 6,711
11 Canada 6,400
12 Brazil 6,279
13 Russia 6,166
14 Indonesia 5,776
15 Taiwan 5,471
16 Italy 5,333
17 Spain 4,807
18 France 4,030
19 Thailand 3,531
20 South Africa 2,938

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach