Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 61,943
2 China 26,711
3 United Kingdom 10,572
4 Japan 9,222
5 Canada 7,153
6 Australia 6,192
7 Italy 5,828
8 Russia 5,697
9 Germany 4,564
10 France 3,926
11 India 3,657
12 South Korea 3,328
13 Netherlands 3,261
14 Turkey 2,852
15 Brazil 2,362
16 Spain 2,282
17 Thailand 2,252
18 Belgium 2,018
19 Switzerland 1,934
20 Taiwan 1,796

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach