Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 54,671
2 China 20,737
3 United Kingdom 8,503
4 Japan 7,877
5 Canada 5,886
6 Australia 5,006
7 Russia 4,993
8 Italy 4,726
9 Germany 4,524
10 France 3,137
11 India 3,070
12 Netherlands 2,769
13 South Korea 2,611
14 Thailand 2,227
15 Turkey 2,135
16 Brazil 1,962
17 Switzerland 1,600
18 Belgium 1,486
19 Spain 1,468
20 Mexico 1,453

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach