Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 128,361
2 United States 63,611
3 India 59,878
4 Thailand 15,548
5 Russia 15,069
6 Australia 14,817
7 United Kingdom 14,542
8 Germany 13,598
9 Japan 13,468
10 Brazil 12,920
11 Canada 11,691
12 South Korea 11,330
13 Pakistan 10,383
14 Ethiopia 8,517
15 Taiwan 8,106
16 Turkey 7,819
17 Italy 7,043
18 Indonesia 6,963
19 South Africa 6,800
20 Iran 6,602

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach