Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 100,734
2 India 76,169
3 United States 49,598
4 United Kingdom 29,377
5 Malaysia 28,505
6 Singapore 22,057
7 Turkey 21,282
8 Australia 18,889
9 Russia 17,929
10 Brazil 16,338
11 Thailand 15,800
12 Ethiopia 11,967
13 Colombia 11,947
14 South Korea 11,585
15 Canada 11,037
16 Indonesia 8,321
17 Italy 8,050
18 Germany 8,007
19 Japan 7,886
20 France 7,785

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach