Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 54,284
2 China 16,861
3 Japan 11,023
4 United Kingdom 9,214
5 France 6,367
6 Canada 5,521
7 Germany 5,303
8 Italy 5,268
9 Australia 4,960
10 Turkey 4,130
11 India 3,990
12 Netherlands 3,944
13 Russia 3,793
14 Spain 3,500
15 Brazil 3,379
16 South Korea 2,971
17 Taiwan 2,415
18 Switzerland 2,254
19 Poland 2,182
20 Colombia 2,049

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach