Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 44,043
2 China 12,920
3 Japan 9,036
4 United Kingdom 7,483
5 France 4,869
6 Canada 4,190
7 Italy 3,983
8 Germany 3,968
9 Australia 3,569
10 India 3,497
11 Turkey 3,119
12 Netherlands 2,936
13 Brazil 2,780
14 Russia 2,738
15 Spain 2,677
16 South Korea 2,262
17 Taiwan 1,998
18 Colombia 1,798
19 Mexico 1,702
20 Thailand 1,663

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach