Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 60,610
2 China 20,084
3 Japan 15,022
4 United Kingdom 10,931
5 France 8,525
6 Italy 6,438
7 Canada 6,359
8 Germany 6,180
9 Turkey 6,177
10 Australia 5,814
11 Netherlands 5,099
12 Russia 4,294
13 Spain 4,157
14 India 3,829
15 Brazil 3,666
16 South Korea 3,651
17 Poland 2,962
18 Taiwan 2,847
19 Switzerland 2,775
20 Colombia 2,279

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach