Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 65,678
2 China 24,739
3 Japan 18,776
4 United Kingdom 12,731
5 France 10,775
6 Turkey 7,930
7 Italy 7,614
8 Australia 7,062
9 Germany 6,980
10 Canada 6,726
11 Netherlands 5,603
12 Spain 4,830
13 Russia 4,791
14 South Korea 4,779
15 India 3,984
16 Brazil 3,841
17 Switzerland 3,630
18 Taiwan 3,442
19 Poland 3,257
20 Colombia 2,383

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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