Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 52,373
2 United States 38,693
3 United Kingdom 27,430
4 Australia 14,843
5 Netherlands 13,376
6 Canada 11,495
7 India 6,887
8 Malaysia 6,767
9 Hong Kong 5,754
10 Indonesia 5,224
11 Japan 5,088
12 Thailand 5,034
13 Germany 4,517
14 Taiwan 4,045
15 South Korea 4,018
16 Switzerland 3,849
17 Belgium 3,737
18 Sweden 3,660
19 France 3,657
20 Russia 3,655

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach