Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 79,213
2 United States 52,289
3 United Kingdom 39,852
4 Australia 19,747
5 Netherlands 18,747
6 Canada 16,350
7 Hong Kong 9,438
8 India 9,002
9 Malaysia 8,303
10 Japan 7,685
11 Indonesia 7,074
12 South Korea 6,999
13 Switzerland 6,194
14 Germany 6,072
15 Sweden 6,038
16 Thailand 5,823
17 Belgium 5,187
18 France 5,145
19 Spain 5,099
20 Taiwan 5,087

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach