Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 70,970
2 China 24,216
3 Japan 17,813
4 United Kingdom 10,986
5 Switzerland 7,496
6 Germany 6,910
7 Australia 6,798
8 Russia 6,653
9 Canada 6,618
10 India 6,531
11 France 5,871
12 Brazil 5,524
13 Thailand 4,717
14 Taiwan 4,515
15 Italy 4,413
16 South Korea 4,349
17 Netherlands 4,215
18 Spain 4,043
19 Colombia 3,907
20 Turkey 3,616

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach