Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 122,378
2 United Kingdom 97,330
3 China 68,613
4 Australia 60,350
5 Canada 46,090
6 Netherlands 20,063
7 New Zealand 17,017
8 Germany 14,155
9 Malaysia 13,340
10 Brazil 10,129
11 Russia 9,498
12 Sweden 8,953
13 Spain 8,913
14 Japan 8,880
15 Thailand 8,733
16 India 8,539
17 Indonesia 8,400
18 Hong Kong 8,348
19 Taiwan 8,070
20 France 8,035

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.