Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 41,089
2 United Kingdom 16,690
3 South Africa 15,029
4 Australia 13,081
5 Canada 6,017
6 China 5,917
7 Indonesia 5,632
8 Ethiopia 4,644
9 Thailand 4,378
10 Malaysia 4,314
11 India 3,743
12 Turkey 3,596
13 Ghana 3,539
14 Iran 3,440
15 Philippines 2,291
16 Switzerland 2,128
17 Ireland 2,057
18 New Zealand 1,767
19 Singapore 1,757
20 Taiwan 1,544

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach