Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 70,632
2 China 51,785
3 Hong Kong 17,803
4 United Kingdom 17,729
5 India 12,846
6 South Korea 11,712
7 Germany 9,442
8 Japan 9,165
9 Taiwan 8,682
10 Australia 8,073
11 Canada 6,643
12 Italy 5,082
13 Turkey 4,915
14 Thailand 4,511
15 Russia 4,326
16 Netherlands 4,177
17 Malaysia 4,011
18 Switzerland 3,924
19 Spain 3,765
20 France 3,742

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach