Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 60,282
2 China 35,459
3 United Kingdom 14,584
4 Hong Kong 13,835
5 India 11,963
6 South Korea 8,821
7 Germany 7,447
8 Japan 6,750
9 Taiwan 6,501
10 Australia 6,079
11 Canada 5,598
12 Italy 4,137
13 Turkey 4,100
14 Russia 3,760
15 Malaysia 3,718
16 Thailand 3,619
17 Iran 3,307
18 New Zealand 3,273
19 Brazil 3,240
20 France 3,170

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach