Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 75,175
2 China 70,850
3 Hong Kong 21,018
4 United Kingdom 20,148
5 South Korea 14,092
6 India 12,525
7 Japan 11,333
8 Germany 10,371
9 Taiwan 9,835
10 Australia 9,644
11 Canada 6,853
12 Italy 5,653
13 Turkey 5,487
14 Thailand 4,989
15 Russia 4,811
16 Netherlands 4,794
17 Switzerland 4,331
18 Spain 4,260
19 France 4,232
20 Malaysia 4,003

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach