Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 47,464
2 China 24,844
3 United Kingdom 10,896
4 India 9,744
5 Hong Kong 7,975
6 South Korea 6,552
7 Germany 5,568
8 Taiwan 5,204
9 Japan 4,886
10 Canada 4,476
11 Australia 4,472
12 Turkey 3,164
13 Malaysia 3,107
14 New Zealand 3,089
15 Italy 3,010
16 Thailand 2,883
17 Russia 2,770
18 Iran 2,603
19 Brazil 2,490
20 France 2,444

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach