Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 13,178
2 United Kingdom 7,161
3 China 6,713
4 Australia 6,036
5 Thailand 3,091
6 Turkey 3,019
7 Brazil 2,895
8 India 2,833
9 Russia 2,635
10 Taiwan 2,173
11 Malaysia 2,152
12 Singapore 2,109
13 Canada 2,067
14 Indonesia 1,812
15 Mexico 1,608
16 South Korea 1,571
17 Germany 1,465
18 Colombia 1,406
19 Italy 1,137
20 France 1,110

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach