Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 66,847
2 United States 48,753
3 South Korea 16,731
4 Germany 14,991
5 United Kingdom 10,247
6 Japan 8,657
7 Netherlands 7,579
8 India 6,935
9 Hong Kong 6,583
10 Canada 4,922
11 Taiwan 4,764
12 Switzerland 4,287
13 Russia 4,002
14 France 3,504
15 Italy 3,360
16 Turkey 2,539
17 Belgium 2,473
18 Austria 2,175
19 Mexico 1,887
20 Australia 1,855

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach