Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 39,892
2 United States 39,278
3 Germany 12,914
4 South Korea 9,887
5 United Kingdom 8,636
6 Japan 7,042
7 Netherlands 6,808
8 India 6,132
9 Canada 4,316
10 Hong Kong 3,597
11 Taiwan 3,572
12 Switzerland 3,118
13 Russia 3,005
14 Italy 2,815
15 France 2,769
16 Mexico 1,844
17 Turkey 1,749
18 Austria 1,635
19 Australia 1,529
20 Belgium 1,502

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach