Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 67,443
2 China 52,083
3 India 46,545
4 Thailand 27,466
5 United Kingdom 21,491
6 Malaysia 19,854
7 Taiwan 13,405
8 Russia 13,268
9 Brazil 13,040
10 South Korea 12,363
11 Turkey 12,225
12 Indonesia 11,237
13 Australia 10,999
14 Canada 10,644
15 Spain 10,067
16 South Africa 8,888
17 Japan 7,742
18 Mexico 7,517
19 Pakistan 7,397
20 Germany 6,887

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach