Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 45,570
2 China 33,630
3 South Korea 28,943
4 India 15,979
5 United Kingdom 12,831
6 Australia 10,109
7 Thailand 9,915
8 Japan 6,944
9 Taiwan 6,245
10 Malaysia 6,076
11 Canada 5,877
12 Turkey 5,739
13 Russia 5,495
14 Brazil 4,892
15 Iran 4,806
16 Germany 4,766
17 Indonesia 4,531
18 Spain 3,193
19 Italy 2,799
20 Netherlands 2,673

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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