Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 25,959
2 United Kingdom 15,218
3 China 14,650
4 India 12,924
5 Australia 10,591
6 Spain 8,169
7 Indonesia 8,127
8 Thailand 6,941
9 Malaysia 5,626
10 Turkey 4,887
11 Canada 4,689
12 Brazil 3,093
13 Netherlands 3,076
14 Colombia 3,062
15 France 2,927
16 Russia 2,873
17 Ethiopia 2,759
18 South Korea 2,668
19 Taiwan 2,555
20 South Africa 2,505

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach