Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 59,607
2 China 17,437
3 United Kingdom 4,930
4 Australia 4,438
5 Canada 4,399
6 Brazil 3,608
7 Japan 3,445
8 South Korea 2,642
9 Italy 2,606
10 Russia 2,414
11 Turkey 2,209
12 Switzerland 2,208
13 Thailand 2,018
14 Mexico 1,969
15 Taiwan 1,896
16 Saudi Arabia 1,768
17 France 1,648
18 Indonesia 1,488
19 Hong Kong 1,487
20 Malaysia 1,441

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach