Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 427,987
2 China 427,032
3 Japan 112,711
4 United Kingdom 94,652
5 South Korea 91,468
6 Germany 86,805
7 India 66,893
8 Taiwan 53,251
9 Italy 48,032
10 Russia 46,111
11 Canada 40,328
12 Spain 38,001
13 Brazil 37,824
14 Australia 35,150
15 France 33,533
16 Switzerland 22,728
17 Thailand 22,246
18 Poland 22,144
19 Netherlands 20,854
20 Turkey 20,751

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach