Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 646,695
2 United States 488,462
3 Japan 140,339
4 South Korea 120,492
5 United Kingdom 109,842
6 Germany 102,037
7 India 72,165
8 Taiwan 64,074
9 Italy 58,305
10 Russia 49,172
11 Spain 45,894
12 Canada 43,999
13 Australia 41,892
14 Brazil 38,772
15 France 38,074
16 Switzerland 27,565
17 Turkey 25,595
18 Poland 24,975
19 Netherlands 24,804
20 Thailand 22,642

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach