Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 85,696
2 United States 52,317
3 United Kingdom 42,711
4 India 27,803
5 Turkey 24,194
6 Australia 17,643
7 Brazil 16,135
8 Russia 14,454
9 Malaysia 13,863
10 Canada 13,382
11 Thailand 11,095
12 Italy 11,020
13 South Korea 10,651
14 Colombia 10,296
15 Germany 9,627
16 Spain 9,574
17 Netherlands 9,358
18 Iran 9,125
19 Taiwan 8,136
20 France 7,909

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.