Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 202,263
2 United States 82,749
3 United Kingdom 67,009
4 Turkey 48,239
5 India 47,083
6 Australia 28,438
7 Malaysia 25,748
8 Brazil 25,691
9 Russia 24,364
10 Canada 21,987
11 South Korea 20,867
12 Italy 18,701
13 Spain 15,778
14 Colombia 15,357
15 Taiwan 14,376
16 Netherlands 14,358
17 Indonesia 13,662
18 France 12,799
19 Japan 12,466
20 South Africa 11,666

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.