Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 51,850
2 China 30,994
3 United Kingdom 26,499
4 Australia 15,242
5 Canada 15,077
6 Malaysia 11,620
7 Taiwan 8,453
8 Turkey 7,910
9 Indonesia 6,306
10 Thailand 6,107
11 Netherlands 5,900
12 Portugal 5,156
13 Sweden 4,772
14 Norway 4,663
15 Germany 4,197
16 Spain 4,036
17 France 3,908
18 New Zealand 3,850
19 South Africa 3,791
20 Japan 3,462

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.