Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 67,541
2 China 32,438
3 Japan 27,913
4 United Kingdom 13,114
5 Australia 6,897
6 Germany 6,653
7 Switzerland 6,042
8 Canada 5,943
9 India 5,576
10 South Korea 5,558
11 France 5,169
12 Italy 4,857
13 Taiwan 4,615
14 Turkey 4,568
15 Netherlands 3,723
16 Thailand 3,538
17 Spain 3,378
18 Russia 3,341
19 Brazil 2,981
20 New Zealand 2,966

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach