Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 343,474
2 China 209,755
3 Japan 95,825
4 United Kingdom 88,571
5 Germany 85,643
6 South Korea 51,319
7 Canada 38,752
8 Denmark 35,662
9 France 33,384
10 Switzerland 29,151
11 Australia 28,881
12 Spain 26,195
13 Italy 22,669
14 India 22,047
15 Sweden 20,221
16 Netherlands 19,585
17 Russia 19,573
18 Taiwan 19,560
19 Brazil 16,903
20 Belgium 10,791

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach