Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 20,826
2 United States 18,445
3 United Kingdom 9,960
4 India 8,103
5 Russia 5,287
6 Pakistan 4,297
7 Italy 4,294
8 Japan 4,195
9 Germany 4,157
10 South Korea 4,041
11 Australia 3,780
12 Switzerland 3,670
13 Canada 3,265
14 Brazil 3,178
15 Spain 2,851
16 Turkey 2,832
17 France 2,803
18 Netherlands 1,936
19 Taiwan 1,644
20 Mexico 1,606

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach