Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 17,061
2 China 15,079
3 United Kingdom 9,282
4 India 5,766
5 Russia 4,843
6 Germany 4,681
7 Italy 3,987
8 Japan 3,730
9 Switzerland 3,648
10 Australia 3,501
11 South Korea 3,216
12 Canada 3,146
13 Brazil 2,951
14 France 2,648
15 Spain 2,447
16 Turkey 1,948
17 Netherlands 1,898
18 Pakistan 1,889
19 Taiwan 1,563
20 Mexico 1,442

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach