Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 220,101
2 China 50,851
3 South Korea 29,550
4 Japan 29,471
5 Spain 18,185
6 United Kingdom 15,342
7 Australia 12,411
8 Canada 12,147
9 Germany 11,075
10 Taiwan 11,062
11 Egypt 10,159
12 Turkey 8,901
13 France 8,763
14 Netherlands 8,045
15 Thailand 7,976
16 Switzerland 7,895
17 Italy 7,651
18 India 7,369
19 Mexico 6,271
20 Russia 5,332

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach