Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 207,428
2 United Kingdom 174,631
3 United States 80,750
4 Australia 68,664
5 Turkey 60,635
6 Indonesia 46,197
7 Malaysia 41,208
8 Spain 40,745
9 Taiwan 40,367
10 Thailand 38,008
11 Portugal 33,562
12 South Korea 31,743
13 Netherlands 31,433
14 Italy 23,463
15 Hong Kong 22,898
16 Canada 20,212
17 Macao 18,333
18 Austria 17,222
19 India 15,867
20 New Zealand 14,466

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.