Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 148,649
2 China 147,799
3 United States 63,408
4 Australia 56,988
5 Turkey 46,569
6 Indonesia 37,168
7 Malaysia 34,879
8 Taiwan 33,457
9 Thailand 33,001
10 Spain 32,248
11 Portugal 25,370
12 Netherlands 24,594
13 South Korea 22,298
14 Italy 18,371
15 Hong Kong 17,254
16 Canada 15,405
17 Austria 13,453
18 India 13,300
19 South Africa 12,424
20 New Zealand 12,407

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.