Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Japan 68,075
2 United States 41,593
3 China 33,874
4 United Kingdom 16,509
5 Germany 9,559
6 Australia 7,500
7 South Korea 7,294
8 Canada 5,834
9 France 5,332
10 Italy 5,191
11 Taiwan 5,123
12 Switzerland 4,534
13 Netherlands 4,280
14 Turkey 4,102
15 Thailand 3,474
16 Brazil 3,056
17 Russia 2,944
18 Mexico 2,512
19 Spain 2,273
20 Colombia 2,204

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach