Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 257,942
2 China 139,451
3 Brazil 126,769
4 Japan 70,121
5 United Kingdom 56,476
6 Turkey 51,021
7 India 45,792
8 South Korea 45,594
9 Australia 38,424
10 Canada 36,858
11 Thailand 32,921
12 Iran 30,689
13 Mexico 28,642
14 Switzerland 26,572
15 Spain 26,313
16 Italy 25,525
17 Taiwan 21,988
18 Germany 21,034
19 Colombia 20,778
20 Saudi Arabia 18,680

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach