Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 269,462
2 China 138,877
3 Brazil 132,798
4 Japan 69,118
5 United Kingdom 56,324
6 India 54,590
7 Turkey 48,784
8 South Korea 44,819
9 Australia 37,629
10 Canada 37,046
11 Thailand 35,965
12 Iran 35,451
13 Switzerland 30,839
14 Mexico 30,796
15 Italy 28,645
16 Spain 27,006
17 Germany 23,842
18 Taiwan 22,475
19 Saudi Arabia 21,257
20 Colombia 21,210

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach