Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 28,467
2 China 16,198
3 United Kingdom 8,625
4 Japan 5,181
5 India 3,925
6 Germany 3,467
7 Italy 3,444
8 Canada 3,050
9 Australia 2,760
10 Taiwan 2,725
11 South Korea 2,656
12 France 2,378
13 Thailand 2,127
14 Switzerland 2,030
15 Russia 1,904
16 Netherlands 1,850
17 Spain 1,843
18 Mexico 1,548
19 Brazil 1,413
20 Turkey 1,411

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach