Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 31,322
2 China 23,643
3 United Kingdom 9,443
4 Japan 7,272
5 Germany 4,303
6 Italy 3,958
7 India 3,875
8 Australia 3,303
9 South Korea 3,162
10 Taiwan 3,158
11 Canada 2,886
12 France 2,712
13 Netherlands 2,329
14 Thailand 2,307
15 Switzerland 2,267
16 Russia 2,100
17 Spain 2,081
18 Turkey 1,554
19 Mexico 1,547
20 Brazil 1,546

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach