Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 65,173
2 United Kingdom 32,931
3 India 24,287
4 Australia 21,637
5 China 18,387
6 South Africa 17,935
7 Germany 14,573
8 Ethiopia 13,186
9 Canada 9,883
10 Netherlands 9,624
11 Thailand 7,214
12 Indonesia 6,950
13 Japan 5,578
14 Italy 5,198
15 Malaysia 4,973
16 France 4,416
17 Switzerland 4,233
18 Russia 4,162
19 Pakistan 4,011
20 Sweden 3,919

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach