Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 103,976
2 United States 72,256
3 United Kingdom 46,340
4 Australia 28,770
5 India 27,731
6 Netherlands 17,873
7 Canada 17,790
8 Brazil 16,699
9 Germany 16,192
10 Japan 15,511
11 Russia 15,027
12 South Korea 15,012
13 France 13,419
14 Taiwan 12,603
15 Hong Kong 12,556
16 Italy 12,086
17 Indonesia 11,116
18 Malaysia 10,860
19 Thailand 9,795
20 Turkey 9,473

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach