Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 74,800
2 India 51,589
3 China 50,313
4 United Kingdom 36,069
5 Australia 27,289
6 Germany 18,287
7 Ethiopia 15,903
8 South Africa 14,846
9 Canada 12,271
10 Netherlands 10,659
11 South Korea 10,176
12 Japan 9,814
13 Russia 9,205
14 Thailand 8,453
15 Brazil 7,731
16 Italy 7,324
17 Pakistan 6,752
18 Malaysia 6,591
19 France 6,487
20 Indonesia 6,381

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach