Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 105,291
2 United Kingdom 44,638
3 Australia 29,517
4 China 26,507
5 Canada 17,207
6 Turkey 12,176
7 Netherlands 11,530
8 Malaysia 8,987
9 Indonesia 8,300
10 Sweden 7,407
11 Germany 6,594
12 South Korea 5,935
13 Ireland 5,734
14 Taiwan 5,512
15 Italy 5,376
16 Brazil 5,153
17 Russia 4,899
18 Thailand 4,607
19 South Africa 4,394
20 India 4,328

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach