Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 97,966
2 China 83,039
3 United States 73,208
4 Australia 35,878
5 Canada 20,208
6 Netherlands 16,190
7 Hong Kong 15,095
8 Sweden 10,286
9 Malaysia 8,611
10 Germany 8,192
11 Taiwan 7,563
12 Indonesia 7,072
13 Finland 7,012
14 Denmark 6,551
15 Belgium 6,334
16 Spain 6,085
17 Thailand 5,997
18 Turkey 5,730
19 Switzerland 5,156
20 Italy 4,972

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach