Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 77,816
2 China 63,265
3 United States 55,909
4 Australia 27,641
5 Canada 14,637
6 Netherlands 12,551
7 Hong Kong 10,354
8 Germany 8,091
9 Sweden 7,995
10 Malaysia 7,709
11 Taiwan 6,957
12 Indonesia 6,441
13 Finland 6,009
14 Thailand 5,018
15 Spain 4,926
16 Denmark 4,835
17 Turkey 4,658
18 Belgium 4,479
19 Iran 4,185
20 Switzerland 3,872

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach